What is Kali Linux: An Open-Source Operating System for Advanced Security Testing:
To understand Kali Linux features it is of vital importance to know what is Kali Linux?
Kali Linux, formerly known as Back Track Linux, is a Linux distribution based on Debian. It is an open-source operating system designed for advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing.
Objective of Kali Linux:
The main objective of Kali Linux is to provide users with a comprehensive set of tools, configurations and automation that streamline the task at hand, enabling them to focus on their specific objectives.
Kali Linux is equipped with a wide range of tools, numbering in the hundreds, tailored for various Information Security tasks. These tasks include Penetration Testing, Security Research, Computer Forensics, Reverse Engineering, Vulnerability Management, and Red Team Testing.
As an accessible and freely available multi-platform solution, Kali Linux caters to information security professionals and enthusiasts alike.
Why is Kali Linux Popular Among Hackers?
Kali Linux is popular among hackers and the security community for several reasons.
Firstly, its design and structure are specifically tailored to meet the needs of penetration testing, security research, computer forensics and reverse engineering. It provides a comprehensive collection of tools and functionalities that are valuable for these activities.
It attracts mainstream popularity especially due to its “Mr. Robot” TV series. The show showcased the use of Kali Linux in hacking scenarios, which increased its visibility and familiarity among both hackers and the general audience.
Features of Kali Linux:
It provides support for a wide range of USB and wireless devices and interfaces.
- It has over 600 tools for penetration testing, which are used for hacking and testing security.
- Free and open-source operating system.
- Kali Linux follows the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS).
- The kernel used in Kali Linux is customized and frequently patched to ensure security by addressing vulnerabilities.
- All packages and repositories in Kali Linux are GPG-signed, ensuring their authenticity.
- Kali Linux supports multiple languages besides English, making it accessible to users worldwide.
- The operating system can be customized according to the preferences and requirements of individual users.
- Kali Linux can be installed and used on ARM devices such as Raspberry Pi and Beagle Bone Black.
- Kali Linux includes accessibility features specifically designed for visually impaired users, enhancing their usability and experience.
Special Features of Kali Linux:
Users can create their own optimized ISO files tailored to their specific needs.
Kali Linux allows for booting from a USB device, enabling users to run it without making any changes to the host operating system.
Kali Linux provides encryption features, including LUKS Nuke containers, which ensure the secure storage of files.
To avoid arousing suspicion in client offices, Kali Linux has a feature called “Kali Undercover” that disguises its appearance as Windows.
Kali Linux can be used within the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), known as Win-Kex, facilitating its usage on Windows systems.
Kali Net Hunter:
Kali Linux offers an open-source Android application called Kali Net Hunter, specifically designed for executing common attacks such as Bluetooth and USB HID Keyboard attacks.
Supports Every Platform:
Kali Linux is compatible with various platforms, including ARM, Bare Metal, Cloud services like AWS and Azure, Containers such as Docker and LXD, WSL, Virtual Box, and VMware.
Advantages of Kali Linux:
- Wide range of over 600 tools for penetration testing.
- Free and open-source software.
- Compatibility with multiple platforms.
- Customizable ISO files for flexibility and optimization.
- Encryption feature for securing saved files.
Disadvantages of Kali Linux:
- Not user-friendly for beginners.
- Some hacking tools may not function properly when used in a virtual machine.
- Requires a significant amount of storage space.